Review the scenario (The Case of Jason): The Case Study of Jason.docx (see attachment below if you are unable to access link)
Please complete a 2-4 page paper.
Your paper should include*:
Briefly describe the terms “risk” and “protective” factors
Describe four of Jason’s risk and corresponding protective factors
Describe four of the family’s risk and corresponding protective factors
Describe three community and environmental risk and protective factors
Describe specific social policy issue(s) that are relevant for Jason’s case study?
Briefly describe what an administrator should be mindful of when creating programs that could benefit Jason and his family
Please make sure that your paper is written in the appropriate APA format, including specific references to the learning resources used in its preparation.
Mental Health Services:
Mental Health Services to Families in their Homes (Links to an external site.)
Children with Disabilities (Links to an external site.)
Risk and Protective Factors Handouts:
The Five Protective Factors Handout.pdfPreview the document
Info Risk and Protective Factors.pdfPreview the document
The Protective Factors Framework Strengthening Families.pdfPreview the document
Risk, Resiliency, and Protective Factors:
Measuring Protective Factors and Resilience in Youth (Links to an external site.)
Risk, Protection, and Resilience in Children & Families (see attached doc below)
Risk & Protective Factors (see attached doc below)
Building Resilience in Vulnerable Youth:
Building Resilience in Vulnerable Youth (Links to an external site.)
Risk, Protection, and Resilience (Links to an external site.)
Developmental Assets (Links to an external site.)
A risk factor is usually defined as a factor that increases the likelihood of a future negative outcome for a child. A protective factor is a variable that decreases such a probability of the negative outcome that may arise (Durlak, 1998). The risks may vary from three boundaries those that affect the child, the family, the school, and the community at large. The risks will vary dependant on the environment one is subjected to, the people one associates themselves with, the activities they undertake in their daily lives and the people that are entrusted with the role of being their care keeper or those designated with the authority of leading the pack a prospective direction.
Jason’s Risks and Protective Factors.
Jason is faced with four risks being child behavioral problems, poor physical health, physical abuse, and youth vulnerability. This is because of the family he lives in battling and trying to fit in between his mother Susan and his grandmother Mary. On the issue of Child behavioral problems, he tends to be defiant in a way to instruction and task allocated to him, and that is why the grandmother always gets angry with him. The grandmother has taken a protective initiative by sending him once to a summer camp to make him responsible and only hits him occasionally when he provokes him but has his best interest at heart. On matters of physical health, Jason proves overweight despite participating in sports and having a lot of friends in school, and harsh parenting can, at times, lead to the same and hinder perfect performance in school. Susan takes the initiative by enrolling him in weight classes to cut the weight and some few hospital appointments with his doctor. As a child, Jason faced a lot of physical abuse from his stepfather, with his mum doing nothing about it compared to what his grandmother does to him. He seems to love his grandmother and is properly fed. This is brought about by his father being an ex-convict in most cases where there is physical abuse; its majored by substance abuse, mental illness, lack of parental skills, and parental stress (Tyler, Alison & Winler,2006).
Family Risk and Protective Factors.
The family risks in place include the family conflict between Mary and Susan in the custody of Jason. This may impact the risk of Jason as to why he cannot stay with the two at the same time. Poor parental supervision and discipline, Stanley seems to be inflicting pain on the children as a way of disciplining them instead of using proper disciplinary corrective traits. There is also the issue of financial stress among the parents; they tend to work so hard to cater to the need of the children with little pay, and this proves a risk factor because they never seem to be available. Single parenthood was a factor that proved risky to Jason, too, mostly when his father was dead. Still, it shows wilder now that he lives with his grandmother, for he has no father figure to talk to when he wants to talk manly issues, and the grandmother is not always available when duty calls. Marital issues are also a risk to Jason; he must stay with his stepfather, who infringes pain on him as a form of punishment, and this can be health deterioration and impact issues like nightmares and fear upon him.
Community Risk and protective risk
The community and environmental risk associated with Jason’s case include poverty level, lack of social support, and Bad community environment. These risks are all associated with staying with his parents. They seem to earn a low amount of income, plus the siblings are too many, and the type of house they live in cannot accommodate such a large family and is not entirely safe in case of an outbreak of a fire. At his Grandmothers place, he is well taken care of, gets the best schooling, and perfect home. His parents cannot provide him with the ideal health care, and this is a risk to him which is countered by the grandmother getting custody of him and acting as his social supporter, The Environment he was also subjected to will growing up is not healthy, living with a reconvict can result to him becoming one in nature and indulging in robbery like him father to cater for end meals. All Susan desires are to see him through High School see him make the most out of his life, then he can take charge from there.
Social Policy Issues
Social Policies issues to be put into consideration is the aspect of him coping with a residence that comes with the struggle between his two guardians, his reaction to it and the way he interacts communicates about the whole issue. There should also be a consideration if he indicates systems of suicidal thoughts to concur with the situation at hand if he has lots of nightmares that are an indication of fear or torture and not being willing to talk about the same. They should also be a consideration as to whether he interacts perfectly with his peers and indicates aspects of a well-growing adolescent boy or if there are factors that are missing.
When creating programs that the administrators hope to benefit Jason and the family, the best interest of Jason should be paramount and critical in the process. They should consider where Jason will be most cared for, where he will get all the necessary care, he requires to become the best in life, and where he will face no form of abuse. The administrator should also consider the form of parenting he will have in place, and if the environment he is being subjected to will be conducive for his growth in an upright manner. An environment full of crime, torture, and neglect should be out of the list. The program should also factor in a checkup standard where Jason is check up on if he is fairing on well and also put up-regulation to those parenting him on the does. They don’t interfere with high reputations it these legislations are infringed upon. This way, not only Jason would be protected but also his siblings and the family at large.
Child Welfare Information Gateway. (2006). State Statutes Series: Reasonable Efforts to Preserve or Reunify Families and Achieve Permanency for Children: Summary of State Laws. Retrieved May 8, 2009, from http://www.childwelfare.gov/systemwide/laws_policies/state/index.cfm?event=sta the Statutes
Durlak, J. A. (1998). Shared risk and protective factors in successful prevention programs. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 68(4), 512-520.
Tyler, S., Allison, K., & Winsler, A. (2006). Child neglect: Developmental consequences, intervention, and policy implications. Child & Youth Care Forum, 35(1), 1-20
Werner, Emmy E. & Smith, Ruth S. (1992) Overcoming the Odds. High-Risk Children from Birth to Adulthood. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY