MANAGEMENT OF ORGANISATIONAL CRISIS
a) Daoism and Confucianism in china
Daoism refers to a tool of managing a crisis that seeks to create harmony between two individuals and the natural order; it always tends to dismiss human society as non-natural and inhibited. Confucianism, on the other hand, emphasizes the achievement of a kind of moral brilliance that is established and demonstrated by meticulous behaviors (D’Ambrosio, 2016).
The ancient Chinese had various beliefs upon the emergence of Daoism and Confucianism; such ideas include; the faith in natural spirits, belief in legendary heroes, Hsien, belief in ancestral spirits, and animals such as the dragons, tigers, snakes, and phoenixes.
b) Confucianism as a religion
I agree with the statement that Confucianism is not a religion because it is always considered a social and moral philosophy and not a belief. Despite being built on a religious foundation, its purpose was to establish social values, excellent ideals, and formal institutions for the customary Chinese community (冯丽平, 2016).
c) Similarities and differences between Daoism and Confucianism
Although Daoism and Confucianism have a similar origin globally, they have considerable differences besides their similarities. The likeness and differences between the two can be established in their beliefs and concepts of text, nature, and self-cultivation.
Firstly, Daoism appreciates all that is natural, harmonious, and peaceful. In contrast, Confucianism enjoys the ideal model of society created through a lifespan of relationship dedication: how to uphold one’s relationship with others. Additionally, they both do not have a god to worship, but they have their complete forms of worship. Taoism influences both though they have different meanings on their concept (D’Ambrosio, 2020).
The humane way of executing people
Human execution refers to a practice or rather a legal consent of permitting the death penalty’s imposition for the people who have been convicted of committing certain crimes. According to the two videos, human execution processes should be done in a more humane nature so as not to subject the victims into pain. The first video, an interview by Michael to Prof. Groner, involves a discussion on the problems associated with regular injection and the various danger that arise whenever doctors are allowed to take part in executions. Humane way of performance means killing a person in a manner that prevents him or her from suffering during the execution.
Prof. Groner, for instance, identifies that there have been occasions when doctors have engaged in wrong ways of execution, making drugs to clog the IV tubing since they precipitate, thus creating the inability to provide adequate monitoring of inmates. He further affirms that the possibility of doing things in the wrong way and causing distress occurs if the medics are at a level below the doctors.
There are, therefore, various reasons why we seek more humane ways of executing people; Firstly, killing should be made acceptable through the application of medical charades to prevent the victims from unnecessary discomfort that overcomes he harm.
1. Perspectives on crisis response and crisis management
In the first article by Simola (2005), ethics plays a vital role in managing crises in any organization; hence it has received growing attention though in a limited manner. The massive emergence of the modern organizational management of crisis arose due to the tampering of Tylenol Capsules by Cyanide in the years 1982. However, the leadership of problems in organizations has received considerably less attention within psychology despite the application of psychological research (Simola, 2005).
An effective response to crisis involves several stages that must be followed appropriately to resolve a resolution. These steps include; giving warning to the members of an organization on the effects of the crisis and conducting appropriate assessments. Thirdly, provision of response on the assessment results, management of the reaction then proceeds after which suitable resolutions and recoveries are provided.
2. Effectiveness of CISD and PD on the management of crisis and tools of treatment.
Psychological debriefing (PD) refers to a brief and short-term intrusion aimed at moderating long-term distress and preventing the occurrence of post-traumatic stress. Critical incident stress debriefing (CISD), on the other hand, is a method of intervening in the crisis that involves addressing the devastating impacts of concern.
In my opinion, both CISD and PD are useful tools for managing and treating crises because they both intervene in the problem, thus reducing people’s emotional, psychological, physical, and behavioral reactions to situations. Therefore, members of organizations are obliged to return to their levels of functioning whenever they face a crisis (Devilly, Gist, Cotton, 2006).
3. Competence in crisis management
For crisis management to be met competently, the following components must be met; setting flexible modules of crisis response, designing proper command chains, establishing clear channels of communication, and establishing a set of planning scenarios.
D’Ambrosio, P. J. (2016). Wei‐Jin Period Xuanxue ‘Neo‐Daoism’: Re‐working the Relationship Between Confucian and Daoist Themes. Philosophy Compass, 11(11), 621-631.
D’Ambrosio, P. J. (2020). Confucianism and Daoism: On the relationship between the Analects, Laozi, and Zhuangzi, Part I. Philosophy Compass, e12702.
Devilly, G. J., Gist, R., Cotton, P. (2006). Ready! Fire! Aim! The status of psychological debriefing and therapeutic interventions: In the workplace and after disasters. Review of General Psychology, 10, (4), 310-345.
How to Humanely Kill a Human Being (BBC Documentary) (Links to an external site.)
Simola, S. (2005). Organizational crisis management: Overview and opportunities. Consulting Psychology Journal, 57, 3, 180-192.
Tour of North Carolina Death Row (Links to an external site.)
冯丽平. (, 2016). Confucianism is a Philosophy Rather than a Religion. 海外英语, (9), 158-159.