INVESTIGATING HOW WOMEN IN LEADERSHIP DESCRIBE THEIR RISE TO LEADERSHIP: A QUALITATIVE STUDY OF WOMEN IN LEADERSHIP

Table of Contents
Overview 4
Background 5
Social 6
Theoretical 7
Situation to Self 7
Problem Statement 8
Significance of the Study 11
Research Questions 12
Definitions 13
CHAPTER THREE: METHODS 16
Overview 16
Design 16
Research Questions 17
Setting 17
Participants 18
Procedures 18
The Researcher’s Role 19
Data Collection 19
Interviews 19
Document Analysis 23
Observations 23
Data Analysis 23
Trustworthiness 24
Credibility 25
Dependability and Confirmability 25
Transferability 26
Ethical Considerations 26
Summary 27
CHAPTER FOUR: FINDINGS 27
Overview 27
Purpose statement and Research Questions 28
Participants 28
Results 30
Summary 30
CHAPTER FIVE: CONCLUSION 30
Overview 30
Summary of findings 30
Discussion 31
Implications 32

Interviews
Interviews are a very significant part of qualitative research. Any qualitative research is focused on acquiring in-depth knowledge about the conditions of the participants. A structured interview of the participants will be used in this study. Interviews take place when an experimenter asks participants to elaborate on the questions that are being asked from them (Latham, Saari, Pursell, & Campion, 1980). When the answers are gotten, they will be transcribed to get a better understanding of the material of the interview. Interviews are appropriate for this research study because it can shed light on several aspects that the study aims to explore. Through interviews, we will be able to identify if there has been an increasing low inclusion for women who aspire to be in leadership positions. The following questions are included in the interview questions:
1. Please introduce yourself to me, as if we just met one another.
2. Please describe your leadership position in the organization that you are working at.
3. Please describe your preferred leadership style and why you chose this style for yourself?
4. How would you explain your journey to the position you are at right now?
5. What were your hurdles on the way to becoming a leader?
6. If so, what were these hurdles throughout your career?
7. Do you often feel women are discriminated against for their gender and why?
8. Have you ever been reduced to your gender in specific workplace scenarios, and what was the experience like?
9. Please tell me about the discrimination that you believe you face in your workplace?
10. If you were to select a male employee for your position, what criteria will you judge him on?
11. If you were to select a female employee for your position, what criteria will you judge her on?
12. Do you believe it will be easier for you to get the same leadership position you have, with your initial experience, in today’s world?
13. The last question is how different your work life would be if you were of the opposite gender?
Questions 1 and 2 are knowledge questions. The purpose of these questions is to ensure that the participant feels comfortable. These questions will develop a rapport between the participant and the researcher (Patton, 2015). Questions 3 and 4 are reflective questions for the participants. The purpose of a reflective question is to give the participant a chance to explain their experiences thoroughly. Question 3 focuses on leadership styles, which in today’s world can define if a person is successful or not. Studies have shown that transformational leadership is used by females the most, and this style can have a positive impact on the dynamics of teams (Chou, Lin, Chang, & Chuang, 2013). Question 5 is included to provide a break in the pace of the interview. The fifth question is a simple yes or no question and could be used as a pause in the thinking process of the participant. Questions 3 and 4 were substantial as these questions needed much explanation from the participant. According to various studies, leaders always have to face hurdles in their careers (George, Peter, McLean, & Mayer, 2007). Question 5 builds up a setup for question 6. Question 6 puts more emphasis on the types of hurdles that the participant has faced. The intention of question 6 is to get an overview of the years that the participant had to face. According to some studies, women face these hurdles earlier in their life as compared to their counterparts (Stamarski & Son Hing, 2015).

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