impact of migrant crisis on the european union

Impacts of Migrant Crisis on the European Union
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Impacts of Migrant Crisis on the European Union
Introduction
From time immemorial, human beings have moved from one place to another across the planet, owing to numerous reasons. In the recent past, migrants have arrived at the European shores for various reasons and through multiple channels (Krsteska, 2015). People risk their lives for a lack of better ways to escape war, political mistreatment, and search for better lives or to reunite with family members in Europe. According to Op.europa.eu (2019), between the years 2015 and 2016, the EU encountered an influx of exiles and vagrants. Well over a million individuals landed on the European shores, the more significant part of them escaping from chaos and terror in Syria and other warring countries. The EU has conceded to a scope of measures to manage the emergency. These incorporate attempting to determine the main drivers of the emergency just as extraordinarily extending aid to individuals needing compassionate help both inside and outside the EU (Apetroe, 2016). Steps are being taken to move those seeking asylum in Europe, resettle individuals deprived of neighboring nations, and return individuals who do not fit the bill for haven. The EU is improving security at the outskirts, handling transient pirating, and offering safe ways for individuals to enter the EU legitimately.
Numerous individuals requiring political refuge are fleeing to the EU in search for safer haven. Insurance is given to vagrants running from their homelands who can’tgo back due to a well-established trepidation, oppression or risk of enduring candid abuse (Krsteska, 2015). The EU has a legitimate and ethical commitment to ensure that refugees who cannot return are resettled in Europe. Members of the European Union are answerable for examining asylum requests and for deciding who will get insurance. Specifically, the Commission is continuously attempting to ensure that adequate security measures are taken. This has become an inexorably urgent issue as the number of children in relocation, especially the individuals who are unaccompanied, is increasing (Apetroe, 2016). These youngsters are incredibly powerless and require exceptional consideration. Yet, not all vagrants honestly require protection or assylum. A considerable number of persons leave their homes in search for greener pastures. Such immigrantts are regularly referred to as commercial transients, and if they do not have a real guarantee to insurance, therefore, domestic administrations dedicate themselves to ensuring that they depart (either intentionally or by exploitation of coercive methods) to their countries, or to a different country that they traversed to get to Europe. A considerable number of individuals have died while trying to cross to the European shores. Close to 90 % of émigrés and transients have paid wanted lawbreakers and characters bootleggers to get them across the water (Op.europa.eu, 2019). Giving individuals food, water, and a safe house puts an immense strain exerted on assets of some of the Union’s member states. The most affected countries are Greece and Italy as most displaced people and vagrants initially land in the region.
Research Methodology
The research is intended to establish how the migration crisis has affected member countries of the EU on social, economic, and political ground. To achieve this objective, we employ both qualitative and quantitative methods of research. The research will be conducted in three phases, which include data collection, data analysis and interpretation, and finally, data presentation and conclusion.
Qualitative Methods
One-on-one Interviews
Interviews will be conducted and recorded with citizens of various nations in the European Union. The interviews will help to understand how the crisis is affecting individuals at personal levels, how it affects their social lives, economic impacts it has had on their business or livelihoods as well as their political view of the whole situation (Singh, 2007). Special interviews will be developed to target local administrators to acquire information on issues of insecurity, how it affects administration and natural resources in their localities
Ethnographic Research
This will be our method of focus as it provides in-depth information on the subject matter. Using this method helps one to get a firsthand experience and collect first-hand data that is crucial for any research (McNabb, 2008). The data I intend to collect through this method is how the arrival of new immigrants affects the ordinary citizen in all the three aspects, both positively and negatively.
Observation
Qualitative observation utilizes the five human senses, namely touch, sight, smell, hearing, and taste. The method is essential as it is useful in collecting first-hand qualitative data. It also allows the researcher to experience what they are researching to gain adequate insight on the subject matter (Babbie, 2010).
Case study Research
The last qualitative method of research I will employ is a case study. I will analyze available case studies from different regions of the EU territory to identify similarities and differences in the impacts (Babbie, 2010). This method will also help to identify the most affected areas and those that are moderately and least affected.
Data Analysis
Qualitative data analysis will involve a critical analysis of observation notes and other text data collected. Videos and pictures taken during the research will also be analyzed. Text analysis is a very productive method of qualitative data analysis. Texts and documents will be studied to deduce valuable information.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Qualitative Methods
Qualitative methods focus on the collection of data from open-ended and communicational techniques. The primary advantage observation and ethnographic approach is that one can acquire firsthand information as the researcher experiences the lives of the groups they are researching (McNabb, 2008). One-on-one interviews provide precise information as one can study the body language of individuals and deduce vital information. Case study research is an excellent method as it allows for comprehensive data from different sources (Singh, 2007). On the other hand, Ethnographic research is limited by geographical constraints and is also time-consuming and expensive. One-on-one interviews may not be valid where the language barrier is an issue. Some people may also be unwilling to participate in the interview (McNabb, 2008).
Quantitative Research
A quantitative research study helps to identify the relationships between two variables using numerical data (Singh, 2007). The methods of data collection will include surveys and questionnaires. Existing statistical data, especially from government and EU sources will, also be manipulated using computational techniques. The data collected from quantitative research will be presented in tabular forms as well as Bar and line graphs. Geo maps will also be provided to support the collected data.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Quantitative Methods
The strengths of quantitative research include providing greater objectivity and accuracy of data collected, allowing for the study of a more significant population and applies well-established methods of data collection that are reproducible and comparable (McNabb, 2008). Furthermore, it reduces cases of bias and can be used to summarize a vast source of data.
On the other hand, quantitative methods lack the contextual presence, unlike their qualitative counterparts. They provide less information on the character and feelings of the population (Singh, 2007). The data collected is rigid and static, covering narrower and a times superficial sets of data.
Ethical Considerations
Research on migration is usually met with non-neutral attitudes. Most immigration policies are subjects of hot debates in various governments. A major ethical issue is the policies of admission of immigrants in the country’s they seek asylum (Clack-Kazark, 2017). Researchers have a great responsibility as their research may be used to inform policies on immigration. Below are some of the critical areas in ethical consideration:
Confidentiality and Privacy
According to Clack-Kazar (2017), researchers have the responsibility to maintain the confidentiality of their respondents. The interviewees should be duly informed of their rights to privacy and the type of devices being used by the researcher. In cases where a researcher encounters cases of abuse or self-harm, the respondent’s right to secrecy should be respected.
Consent
The researcher ought to obtain formal and voluntary consent from the respondent. The respondent should be duly informed of the potential risks and benefits of participating in the research and be allowed to withdraw whenever they feel uncomfortable (Clack-Kazark, 2017).

Curbing Damage and Maximizing Profits
Any research should focus on achieving more good than bad. To achieve this, researchers should ensure that the results of their research are disseminated effectively in all dialects spoken in their region of study. It is also essential to ensure that you do not over research on specific populations or groups, resulting in bias (Clack-Kazark, 2017). Moreover, enough effort should be channeled to ensuring that diversity of perspectives in research duties. Lastly, a researcher should refrain from sensitive topics that may traumatize victims like violence and abuse.
Conclusion
The migrant crisis has dramatically affected the European Union. The influx of refugees in the EU is primarily attributed to political instability in their mother countries. The sudden increase of migrants strains local resources prompting the need to put in place measures to control the crisis. The consequences of illegal immigration are vast. The purpose of this research is to study the toll of the refugee predicament on the European Union. The research will be conducted in three phases, using both quantitative and qualitative methods of research.

References
Apetroe, A. (2016). The european migration crisis. Which consequences affecting the stability of the European Union?
Babbie, E. R. (2010) The Practice of Social Research. 12th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage.
Clark-Kazak, C. (2017). Ethical considerations: research with people in situations of forced migration. Refuge: Canada’s Journal on Refugees/Refuge: revue canadienne sur les réfugiés, 33(2), 11-17.
Krsteska, M. (2015). The European Union and The Migrant And Refugee Crisis In Europe. The International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Invention.
McNabb, D. E.(2008) Research Methods in Public Administration and Nonprofit Management: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. 2nd ed. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.
Op.europa.eu. (2019). The EU and the migration crisis. Retrieved from https://op.europa.eu/webpub/com/factsheets/migration-crisis/en/
Singh, K. (2007). Quantitative Social Research Methods. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

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