History of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
In its simplest form, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) refers to the utilization of accuracy and understanding of ones thoughts to intentionally and purposefully influence the reactions of their behavior (Benjamin et al.180). It is the process of altering dysfunctional thoughts and behaviors to healthy and realistic behavior. This kind of treatment is usually goal oriented and can be accomplished within three to six months. Cognitive behavioral therapy can be thought of as a combination of behavioral therapy and psychotherapy. Psychotherapy concentrates on personal understanding of thoughts believed to develop from childhood whereas behavioral therapy puts emphasis on the relationship between personal problems and thoughts (Benjamin 180). Also, CBT focuses on cognitive process that trigger the reaction of feelings. Through the process, chances are a patient will gain a deeper understanding of their thoughts, a different image towards certain beliefs and attitudes and eventually help in changing the behavior associated with them (Benjamin 180). Hence, this kind of therapy is usually customized to suit every patient with regard to their personalities. The history and evolution of CBT is the main aim of this paper.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy can be seen as umbrella term for other kind of therapies such as Rational Behavior Therapy (RBT), Cognitive Therapy (CT) and Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT). All of those are aimed at correcting dysfunctional and maladaptive reactions of a patient. Generally, human beings have attitudes and behaviors developed from their neural pathways of childhood which become their automatic thoughts and beliefs. However, the daily life of a person involves different situations and occurrences where some of them may induce negative thoughts to someone. Cognitive behavioral therapy allows patients to have a deeper and clear understanding of the errors, mistakes or distortions that may be associated with the different types of thoughts (Miller). Therefore, the procedures of this therapy will help a patient to correct the misinterpretation of certain beliefs or thoughts that may have caused the disruption of their normal life.