In the United States, incarceration is among the forms of punishment and rehabilitation for felony and many other offences. According to the research by Barnert, Perry, & Morris (2016), over 48,000 juveniles (youths under the age of 21) are incarcerated on any given day in the U.S. Some are held in restrictive and correctional-style facilities, while others are convicted without having trials. The rate of incarceration has been high in the nation deterring the youths from their family bonding, education, and exposing them to violence and trauma. The numbers vary from state to state, but every state records several juveniles’ incarceration.
Causes of Juvenile Incarceration in the United States
Numerous reasons can lead to a juvenile be confined in the country. First, involvement in violence might lead to detention. In the United States, many of the youths involve themselves in violence and theft, which lead them into confinement. Secondly, felony cases, such as rape has increased in the nation leading to the high rate of incarceration of the youth. Also, education neglect and learning disabilities have contributed to the high rate of offences being committed by teenagers resulting in their detention (Ruch, 2017). Another cause of incarceration is the high level of poverty among other families which lead the juveniles from the families to engage in violence. Finally, most of the minors in detention end up being reconvicted, re-arrested, or incarcerated.
Based on the impacts incarceration has on juveniles, my opinion is that the government of the U.S should find another possible and suitable way to correct behaviour among the youths. The children should be educated on the impacts of involving themselves in evil practices that might lead them to detention. Additionally, the juveniles that have been convicted should be provided guidance and counselling services together with quality education to enable them to suit in the society when released. This would consequently reduce re-arrests. Besides, incarceration has negative impacts on the juveniles moving forward in life. It can cause mental-related disorders, such as substance abuse, depression, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and suicidal tendencies. They also do not have enough skills to acquire employment in industries; thus, it might lead them to violence or other unnecessary behaviours.