Childhood Obesity

Socio-economic, Environment, and Childhood Obesity

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Socio-economic, Environment, and Childhood Obesity
Introduction
Obesity is one of the most salient public health issues of our time affecting children and adolescents in both developed and developing countries. Obesity results from the accumulation of body fat due to the high intake of calories and fat. Over the past decade, the prevalence of obese children aged 5-12 years has doubled in the United States of America, affecting individuals from all socioeconomic, ethical, and racial backgrounds (Lieb, Snow, and DeBoer, 2017). Obesity is known to be more prevalent among children from low socioeconomic status families. Obesity is a salient health issue in the United States of America that has become an epidemic. In the country, about one-third of American children, 25 million, and aged 5-12 years are obese (Banik, Naher, Pervez, and Hossain, 2020). An increase in obesity had led to 500 000 death each year and growth in comorbidities such as high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and glucose intolerance. According to WHO, obesity is the fifth leading cause of death worldwide. This paper examined some of the socio-economic factors which contribute to the worsening obesity epidemic among children.
Methods
This is qualitative research that examined how the socioeconomic environment during early childhood contributes to obesity. The paper qualitatively assessed peer-reviewed evidence to gain have a comprehensive understanding of how socioeconomic background during early childhood contributes to obesity. Paper reviewed peer-reviewed articles and journals published in MEDLINE, PubMed, Science Direct, and Informit. To qualify to be used as review material, the report had been published in English within the last six years, found in the above databases, and included one or more of the following outcomes; socioeconomic, obesity, health measure, fast food, and childhood obesity.
Study Findings
The paper reviewed ten quality peer-reviewed related to how socioeconomic environment during early childhood contributes to obesity. Below are socioeconomic factors that were documented to contribute to the obesity epidemic among children.
1. Low Socioeconomic Status
Low socioeconomic status is one of the prime risk causes noted in previews studies as a contributor to obesity and other adverse health complications such as mental health issues, cancer, and diabetes. The paper found that there is a graded correlation between childhood obesity and low socioeconomic status. Study findings indicated that there is a wide gap in the obesity prevalence between low and high socioeconomic status groups. There is a stabilized or reduced rates of childhood obesity developed countries and groups with higher socioeconomic status, whereas, a steady increase in the rate of childhood obesity has been seen in groups with low socioeconomic status.
2. Socioeconomic Discrepancies in Nutrition
The prevalence rates of obesity in the country it is also attributed to the shift in the United States of America food environment. American children exposed to the food environs that are rich in a range of processed food, characterized by higher energy density, range, portion sizes, and added sugar and fat.

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